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  • Writer's picturePioma Chemtech Inc.

Decoding Sanitizers: Different Types and Their Production Process


Sanitizers have become a vital part of our lives. They come in different types, each made with specific methods and ingredients. But what distinguishes one type from another, and how are they made? Let's dive into the fascinating world of sanitizer production.

Understanding the Different Types of Sanitizers

Sanitizers can be broadly classified into two types: Alcohol-based and Alcohol-free.

  1. Alcohol-Based Sanitizers: These sanitizers, typically containing either ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol, are extremely effective at killing a wide range of germs. The alcohol content usually ranges from 60% to 95%.

  2. Alcohol-Free Sanitizers: These sanitizers use active ingredients like benzalkonium chloride to eliminate germs. They are milder on the skin and offer a longer duration of protection.

The Production Process

While the specifics can vary, here's a general look at how each type of sanitizer is made.

1. Alcohol-Based Sanitizers

  • Step 1: The alcohol, either ethyl or isopropyl, is mixed with water to dilute it to the correct concentration.

  • Step 2: A humectant, like glycerin, is added to prevent the alcohol from drying out the skin.

  • Step 3: The mixture is then blended until homogeneous, and essential oils or other fragrances may be added.

  • Step 4: The finished product is bottled and labeled for distribution.

2. Alcohol-Free Sanitizers

  • Step 1: The active ingredient, usually benzalkonium chloride, is mixed with water.

  • Step 2: A thickening agent is added to achieve the desired consistency.

  • Step 3: Additional ingredients, like moisturizers and fragrances, are blended in.

  • Step 4: The mixture is stirred until it achieves a uniform consistency, and then it's bottled and labeled.


Whether alcohol-based or alcohol-free, sanitizers are a crucial part of our defense against harmful germs. Understanding the different types and their production processes can help you choose the right one for your needs and preferences.

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